ABS - acrylonitrile butadiene styrene - is a common thermoplastic used to make light, rigid, molded products such as piping, automotive body parts, wheel covers, enclosures, protective head gear, and toys.

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Annex XIV - List of substances subjected to the "authorisation" procedure in REACH.

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AOH - Aluminium-oxide-hydroxide.

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ATH - Aluminium-tri-hydroxide.

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Authorisation - (REACH proceedings): for articles with substances of very high concern (SVHC) such as CMR 1&2, PBT, vPvB, or endocrine disrupters that are in concentration > 0.1% (weight/weight) in a homogeneous material and without any threshold of tonnage.

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BDP – Bisphenol-A bis(diphenylphosphate).

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BFR – Brominated Flame Retardants

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BSEF – Bromine Science and Environment Forum

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CA – Competent Authorities

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Candidate list - A list of all substances of very high concern, whose properties make them eligible to go through the REACH Authorisation procedure. The first version due to be published in autumn 2009, with priorities to be established for which substances will be first be processed through authorisation.

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Chemical compound - A substance consisting of two or more chemical elements that are chemically combined in fixed proportions.

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CLP - Classification, Labelling and Packaging of substances and mixtures.

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CO2 - Carbon dioxide.

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Concentration - A very common concept used in chemistry and related fields. It is the measure of how much of a given substance there is mixed with another substance. This can apply to any sort of chemical mixture but most frequently is used in relation to solutions, where it refers to the amount of solute dissolved in a solvent.

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CTI - Comparative tracking index.

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CTIF - International association of fire and rescue service.

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Deca-BDE - Decabromodiphenyl Ether.

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Df - Dissipation factor.

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Dk - Dielectric constant.

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DOPO - Dihydro-oxa-phosphaphenanthrene-oxide.

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E&E(E) - Electric and electronic (equipment).

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EBP - Ethane bis(pentabromophenyl).

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EPD - Environmental Product Declarations.

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EPDM - Ethylene-propylene-diene monomer.

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EQS - Environmental Quality Standards.

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EVA - Ethylene Vinyl Acetate.

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FRs - Flame Retardants.

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GWFI - Glow wire flammability index.

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GWIT - Glow wire ignition temperature.

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HBCD - Hexabromocyclododecane, CAS N° 25637-99-4 & CAS N°3194-55-6.

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HCN - Hydrogen cyanide.

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HDT - Heat deflection temperature.

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HIPS - High impact polystyrene.

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HPV - High production volume.

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ICCA - International Council of Chemical Associations.

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IEC - International Electrotechnical Commission.

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ISO - International Organisation for Standardisation.

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kW - kilowatts (unit of power measuring energy consumption).

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LCD - Liquid crystal display.

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LCP - Liquid crystal polymer.

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LDPE - Low density polyethylene.

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LLDPE - Linear low density polyethylene.

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MC - Melamine cyanurate.

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MDH / MOH - Magnesium dihydroxide / Magnesium hydroxide

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NBR - Nitrile-Butadiene-Rubber.

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NEMA - National electrical manufacturers association.

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NIST - National Institute of Standards and Technology.

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OSPAR - Oslo/Paris Conventions.

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PA - Polyamide.

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PAH - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon .

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PBDE - Polybrominated diphenyl ethers.

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PBT - Polybutylene Terephthalate.

or

PBT - Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic.

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PC/ABS - Polycarbonate-ABS blends.

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PC - Polycarbonate.

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PCB – Printed circuit boards

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PET – Polyethylene Terephthalate

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PO/EVA – Polyolefins-EVA blends

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POP – Persistent organic pollutant

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PP – Polypropylene

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PPE / PPO – Polyphenylene ether / Polyphenylene oxide

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PPS – Polyphenylene sulfide

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PTFE – Polytetrafluoroethylene

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PVC – Polyvinyl chloride

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PWB – Printed wiring board

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PXDD/F – Polychlorinated/polybrominated dibenzo p-dioxins and furanes

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RA – Risk Assessment

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RDP – Resorcinol bis(diphenyl phosphate)

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REACH – Registration, evaluation and authorisation of chemicals

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RoHS - Restriction of the use of certain Hazardous Substances in electrical and electronic equipment.

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RRS – Risk Reduction Strategy.

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Sb2O3   – Antimony trioxide (or ATO)

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SBR – Styrene-Butadiene-Rubber.

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SCHER - Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks - the SCHER is an independent committee of scientific experts of the EU specialised in examining the toxicity and ecotoxicity of chemicals, biochemicals and biological compounds. It is consulted in the process of an EU Risk Assessment.

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SVHC - "Substances of Very High Concern", which are required to be authorized under REACH. These are substances which fall into one of these categories:

  • Carcinogens (cause cancer), mutagens (cause gene mutations), or toxic to reproduction (CMR category 1 and 2);
  • Persistent (degrade slowly or do not break down at all), Bio-accumulative (accumulate in human bodies and the environment) and Toxic (PBT);
  • Very Persistent and very Bio-accumulative (vPvB);
  • Identified from scientific evidence as causing probable serious effects to humans or the environment equivalent to those above on a case by case basis, for instance substances that interfere with the hormone system.

 

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vPvB - Substances that are very Persistent and very Bioaccumulative.

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TBBPA – Tetrabromobisphenol-A

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TBDD – Tetrabromodibenzo-p-dioxin

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TCDD – Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin

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Td – Decomposition temperature

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Tg – Glass transition temperature

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TPE – Thermoplastic elastomer

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TPU – Thermoplastic polyurethanes

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TTBPT – Tris(tribromophenoxy)triazine

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UL – Underwriters Laboratories

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UNEP – United Nations Environment Programme

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UNECE – United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

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VECAP – Voluntary Emissions Control Action Programme

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WEEE – Waste of electric and electronic equipment

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WFD – Water Framework Directive

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WHO – World Health Organisation

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XLPE – Cross-linked polyethylene (also known as PEX)

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XPS – Extruded polystyrene

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